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Batterman 2002 - “Levels and Composition of Volatile Organic Compounds on Commuting Routes in Detroit, Michigan”

Batterman, Stuart A; Peng, Chung-Yu; and Braun, James.
“Levels and Composition of Volatile Organic Compounds on Commuting Routes in Detroit, Michigan”
Atmospheric Environment
December 2002; v.36,n.39-40; pp.6015-6030
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Batterman et al measured VOCs in cars and buses during rush hour on commercial, industrial, and residential routes in Detroit, Michigan.  They found that:

  • VOC concentrations along roadways and in buses were similar;
  • route did not much affect differences in air quality; however, the buses all traveled on congested 4 lane roads during rush hour; and
  • VOC concentration varied significantly over time, which the authors attribute to changes in weather, mainly inversions and wind speed and direction;
  • vehicle sources dominate industrial sources in influencing urban VOC concentrations, corroborating earlier studies; and
  • VOC concentrations on roadways were much higher than concentrations at the two fixed-site monitoring stations in Detroit.  For example, BTEX concentrations measured at the fixed sites were 2-4 times lower than levels measured in traffic.