Berrigan 1998 - "The Association Between Urban Form and Physical Activity in US Adults"

Berrigan, David; Troiano, Richard
"The Association Between Urban Form and Physical Activity in US Adults"
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
2002; v.23, n.2S; pp.74-79
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Using data from NHANES III, the authors found that people who lived in houses built before 1946 or between 1946 and 1973 were more likely to walk regularly than were people who lived in houses built after 1973. Those living in homes built before 1946 were 1.43 times more likely and those in homes built 1946-1973 were 1.36 times more likely to walk at least a mile at least 20 times a month than were those living in homes built after 1973.

The authors justify using home age as a proxy for urban form by suggesting that older houses are often in older neighborhoods, which often have design elements that encourage walking, such as sidewalks, more interconnected streets, and a mix of retail and residential. Note that home age increases the odds of walking only for those in urban/suburban areas, not in rural areas.

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